CASBS Fellows 2014-15: Bios

Economics
Stanford University

During his fellowship at the Center, Kyle Bagwell plans to examine a range of theoretical and empirical research questions related to the purpose and design of the World Trade Organization. He also plans to explore theories of competition and cooperation in settings where asymmetric information is present.

He works in the fields of International Trade, Industrial Organization and Game Theory. Some of his recent work includes: “What Do Trade Negotiators Negotiate About? Empirical Evidence from the World Trade Organization,” with Robert Staiger, American Economic Review (2011); “The Theory of Optimal Delegation with an Application to Tariff Caps,” with Manuel Amador, Econometrica (2013); and “Trust, Reciprocity and Favors in Cooperative Relationships,” with Atila Abdulkadiroglu, American Economic Journal: Microeconomics (2013).

He is the Donald L. Lucas Endowed Professor of Economics at Stanford University and a senior fellow at SIEPR/SCID. He is also a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) and a Fellow of the Econometric Society. Prior to joining Stanford in 2009, he taught at Northwestern University (1986-96) and Columbia University (1996-2008). He holds a BA from SMU (1983) and a PhD from Stanford University (1986).

Learn more on Kyle Bagwell’s faculty page.




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Economics
Bocconi University

During her fellowship year at CASBS, Valentina Bosetti plans to work on climate change risk and uncertainty, how individuals perceive them, and how they affect the climate change policy making process. She was recently awarded a European Research Council grant with the objective of substantially advancing the way we conceptualize, model and frame climate change policy making under uncertainty.

Bosetti’s research focuses on environmental and climate change economics, and innovation in green technologies. Her recent work has focused on expert elicitation and the future cost of clean energy technologies (“Setting environmental policy when experts disagree” Athanassoglou, S., Bosetti, V. (2014), to appear in Environmental and Resource Economics), on climate negotiations (“Sustainable Cooperation in Global Climate Policy: Specific Formulas and Emission Targets Climate Change Economics” Bosetti, V., Frankel, J. (2014), to appear in Climate Change Economics) and on the individual incentives to contribute to public goods studied in an experimental setting. In addition, she is the lead author of the chapter on “Integrated Risk and Uncertainty Assessment of Climate Change Response Policies”, of the forthcoming 5th IPCC Assessment Report (WG III).

Bosetti is associate professor at Bocconi University and senior researcher at Fondazione Enrico Mattei and Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change. She has a bachelor's degree in environmental Sciences and an MSc in Environmental Economics (University College London). Her PhD is in Computational Mathematics and Operation Research.

Learn more on Valentina Bosetti's faculty page.
 




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Economics
University of Michigan

During his CASBS fellowship year, John Bound intends to quantify the impact, both positive and negative, that high-skilled immigrants have on the opportunities faced by various segments of the U.S. workforce. Most economists agree that skilled immigrants have promoted gains for the U.S. economy, spurring innovation and helping to maintain the United States’ technological lead. However, little attention has been paid to the effect that skilled immigrants have on the opportunities available to the U.S.-born.

Bound is an empirically oriented labor economist. Much of Bound's research has focused on the effect of health on the labor force behavior of older working-aged men and women with a focus on the effects of the U.S. Social Security Disability Program on the behavior and economic well-being of working aged individuals. Bound has also contributed to the evidence that an important influence on the demand for skilled labor within the U.S. is technological change. Much of his recent work has focused on education.

Bound is currently the George E. Johnson Collegiate Professor of Economics and a research professor at the Population Studies Center, the Institute for Social Research, at the University of Michigan, and a faculty research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER). He received his PhD at Harvard and is an elected fellow of both the Society of Labor Economists as well as the Econometric Society. He has held fellowships at Russell Sage Foundation, CASBS (2007-08), and the NBER.

Learn more on John Bound's faculty page.




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Linguistics
University of California, San Diego

Ivano Caponigro is working on a biography of Richard Montague (1930-1971), the brilliant American philosopher and logician who fathered formal semantics. One of the aims of formal semantics, and Caponigro’s research, is to unveil the logic that is behind human languages and is part of the human mind. The biography aims to bring together all the various aspects of Montague’s complex, fascinating, and mainly unknown life, both as a scholar and as a person, and to make his ideas accessible to a broader group of readers. Caponigro has spent the past few years researching archives, collecting documents, and interviewing people, and will take advantage of his time at the Center and its unique intellectual environment to write the book.

Caponigro studies how different human languages convey meaning by assembling words to form sentences, working within the field of linguistics that is usually known as formal semantics and its interfaces with syntax and pragmatics. Caponigro has worked on a varieties of languages including several Indo-European languages, Adyghe (spoken in Russia and Turkey), Mixtec (spoken in the Oaxaca region of Mexico), and American Sign Language.

For this project, Caponigro has been awarded an ACLS Fellowship, an APS research grant and two UCSD Academic Senate research grants as well.

Learn more on Ivano Caponigro's faculty page.




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Psychology
University of Miami

During his fellowship year, Charles Carver plans to learn more about brain function and cognitive processes and their interrelationships. He and his collaborators are interested in the role that lack of self-control over emotional responses plays in diverse kinds of behavioral problems, and in both the neurological and genetic underpinnings of self-control.

Carver’s research interests range from personality psychology (in which he received his doctoral degree from the University of Texas), to stress and coping, to core motivational processes, to psychopathology.

Carver is Distinguished Professor of Psychology at the University of Miami, where he has spent his entire professional career. He has received outstanding career contribution awards in personality, social, and health psychology.

He is author (along with Michael Scheier) of On the Self-Regulation of Behavior and 7 editions of Perspectives on Personality, an undergraduate textbook.

Learn more on Charles Carver's faculty page.




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Sociology
University of Pennsylvania

Damon Centola’s research at the Center will focus on the collective dynamics of social consensus. He is developing new online experimental techniques to determine whether imperceptible changes in social networks can cause the spontaneous emergence of collective behaviors.

Centola is an associate professor in both the Annenberg School and the School of Engineering at the University of Pennsylvania, where he is the director of the Network Dynamics Group. Before coming to Penn, he was an assistant professor at MIT and a Robert Wood Johnson Fellow at Harvard University. 

His research interests include social networks, social epidemiology, and web-based experiments. Centola’s research has produced a wide range of articles in journals such as Science, The American Journal of Sociology, and Circulation. His work has also produced patented network technologies for constructing online communities, and open source educational technologies such as the NetLogo Agent Based Modeling Environment.

For his article, “The Spread of Behavior in an Online Social Network Experiment” he garnered the Goodman Award for Outstanding Contribution to Sociological Methodology. He has been the recipient of the American Sociological Association’s prize for Outstanding Publication in Mathematical Sociology in 2006, 2009, and 2011. Recent popular accounts of Centola’s work have appeared in The New York Times, Wired, and CNN.

Learn more on Damon Centola's faculty page.

 




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Political Science
University of California, Los Angeles

During his fellowship year, Michael Chwe will try to develop new procedures to encourage the reporting of harassment and abuse. After a person is first publicly accused of sexual harassment or abuse, it is very common for several other victims to come forward. In other words, often there exists lots of information which can incriminate sexual harassers and abusers, but because it is not aggregated, it is not acted upon. By making victims feel less isolated, better procedures can encourage reports.

Chwe’s background is in game theory and its applications. He has written two books: Jane Austen, Game Theorist (Princeton, 2013), which argues that Austen systematically explored concepts of choice, strategy, and preferences, and Rational Ritual: Culture, Coordination, and Common Knowledge (Princeton, 2001), which interprets cultural rituals as generating common knowledge. Chwe's papers, including “Communication and Coordination in Social Networks” and “Structure and Strategy in Collective Action”, consider which communication networks enable coordinated action.

Learn more on Michael Chwe's personal website.

 




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Rhetoric
UC Berkeley

Marianne Constable will be writing a history of the “new unwritten law” that ostensibly exonerated women who killed their husbands in Chicago at the turn of the 19th-to-20th century. Situating the unwritten law in the context of the growing privileging of writings as sources of evidence and as authority in both law and history, the book-length project is simultaneously a social and legal history and an exploration of the rhetorics of law and of history.

Constable is Professor of Rhetoric at the University of California, Berkeley, where she also earned her PhD in Jurisprudence and Social Policy; a JD; and an BA in Philosophy and Political Science. She is the author of: The Law of the Other: The Mixed Jury and Changing Conceptions of Citizenship, Law, and Knowledge (winner of the Law & Society Association’s Hurst Prize in Legal History); Just Silences: The Limits and Possibilities of Modern Law; and most recently Our Word is Our Bond: How Legal Speech Acts (Stanford University Press, 2014).  

Having just stepped down as department chair, she is very much looking forward to eating lunch every day and to burning it off via hiking, biking and birding. 

Learn more on Marianne Constable's faculty page.




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Political Science
University of California, Los Angeles

Joshua Dienstag's book project at the Center, which he has titled The Animal Condition, is aimed at reevaluating and reformulating some central concepts of political theory - freedom, citizenship and democracy - in light of the eroding border between the human and the non-human. "My central concern," he writes, "is that the problem of the twenty-first century will be the problem of the human boundary – what, if anything, separates us in a morally and politically consequential way from nature, animals and new forms of artificial life and intelligence." 

Dienstag is a political theorist who has worked broadly in the history of political thought - both in the Anglo-American and Continental traditions. More recently, he has been writing on connections between political theory and film. His latest article is "Blade Runner's Humanism: Cinema and Representation," in Contemporary Political Theory (2014).

He is currently a professor of political science and law at UCLA. Prior to that he was an associate professor of politics at the University of Virginia. He holds a PhD from Princeton University. His most recent book, Pessimism: Philosophy, Ethic, Spirit, won the Book Award for Excellence in Philosophy from the American Association of Publishers in 2006.




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Law / History
Emory University

During her fellowship year, Mary L. Dudziak will work on a book: Going to War: An American History (under contract, Oxford University Press), on war and political accountability in the 20th century and after. This work will focus on changes in the state and in the way the United States wages war, creating a context in which the U.S. can go to war without awareness or involvement of the American people.

Dudziak’s scholarship is at the intersection of U.S. legal and political history, and international affairs. Her latest book is War Time: An Idea, Its History, Its Consequences (Oxford University Press 2012). She has also written about the relationship between domestic civil rights and U.S. foreign relations during the Cold War (Cold War Civil Rights: Race and the Image of American Democracy (Princeton University Press, 2nd ed., 2011)), and Thurgood Marshall’s transnational work (Exporting American Dreams: Thurgood Marshall’s African Journey (Oxford University Press, 2008)).

She is the Asa Griggs Candler Professor of Law at Emory University. She has been awarded fellowships from the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, the Center for Advanced Study at Princeton, the American Council of Learned Societies, and others. She received her PhD and JD from Yale University.

Learn more on Mary L. Dudziak's faculty page.




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Sociology
University of Wisconsin-Madison

During her CASBS fellowship year, Joan Fujimura plans to work on a book project that examines how socio-political and institutional notions of race are being reproduced in new biomedical genomic and population research. The book also investigates how genomic knowledge enters debates about policies on the use of race categories in governance and social research.

Over the past five years, Fujimura has led an interdisciplinary team based at UW-Madison in the collection and analysis of data from five research sites that use or develop human genetic variation categories. The goal of the project is to examine where, when, and how group categories, including social race, are used in genomics.   

Over the past three years, Fujimura has led a second interdisciplinary team based at UW-Madison in the collection and analysis of data on interdisciplinary collaboration and innovation in the conduct of life sciences research and its impact on the development of knowledge in biology and medicine.

Fujimura is currently professor in sociology and in the Holtz Center for Research on Science and Technology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. She and Ramya Rajagopalan co-authored  "Different differences: The use of 'genetic ancestry' versus race in biomedical human genetic research." Social Studies of Science 41(1):5-30 (2011), winner of the 2013 David Edge Prize from the Society for Social Studies of Science (4S) for best article of the year in the area of science and technology studies.

Learn more on Joan H. Fujimura's faculty page.




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Public Health / Population Studies
University of Michigan

Returning Fellow Arline Geronimus will continue to explicate her “weathering hypothesis” that socially structured, repeated stress process activation can accumulate and increase health vulnerability across multiple body systems over the life course in marginalized groups. She also plans to draw on stereotype-threat research to translate weathering findings into Jedi Public Health (JPH) interventions. JPH applies the proposition that whether phenotypic, socially-assigned, or culturally identified race/ethnicity is health promoting or harmful depends on contingencies of social identity that vary in our daily rounds. The goal of JPH is to alter everyday situational dynamics and settings in order to minimize discrediting cues and "othering" experiences, and disrupt the repeated physiological stress process activation that promotes weathering.

She is a professor at the University of Michigan with appointments at the School of Public Health and Institute for Social Research, and affiliations with the Center for Research on Ethnicity, Culture and Health, the Michigan Center for the Demography of Aging, and the Children’s Environmental Health Initiative.

An elected member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies of Science, she received her undergraduate degree in political theory from Princeton University, her doctorate in behavioral sciences from the Harvard School of Public Health, and did post-doctoral training at Harvard Medical School.

Learn more on Arline T. Geronimus' faculty page.

 




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Economics
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Robert Gibbons’s research and teaching concern the design and performance of organizations, especially “relational contracts” (informal agreements so rooted in the parties' circumstances that they cannot be adjudicated by courts). In his first Center fellowship (1994-95) and his subsequent service on the Center’s Board (2000-06), he learned much about how sociology, political science, psychology, and anthropology can contribute to this agenda.

Having recently co-edited The Handbook of Organizational Economics (with J. Roberts, Princeton University Press, 2013), which catalogued the field for those already in it, in this second fellowship year, he will draft An Introduction to Organizational Economics, which is intended to make the field accessible to a broad set of theoretical and empirical economists and other researchers. In addition, he will attempt to broaden his understanding of how language and cognition (especially narrative and metaphor) can affect parties’ attempts to collaborate.

Gibbons is a faculty member in MIT’s Sloan School and MIT’s Department of Economics, where he teaches management and doctorate courses (respectively) and has received teaching awards from each. He is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Econometric Society, and the Society of Labor Economists, founding director of the National Bureau of Economic Research working group in organizational economics, and a former board member at the Citicorp Behavioral Science Research Council. His text Game Theory for Applied Economists (Princeton University Press, 1992) has been translated into Chinese, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, and Spanish.




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Digital Media / Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

During his fellowship at the Center, Fox Harrell will primarily focus on developing computational media systems that can achieve greater aesthetic, affective, and social resonance. A particular goal is to develop integrated gaming/social media technologies for expressing and better understanding cognitive phenomena related to social identity.

Harrell has conducted most of his research in the fields of computer science, cognitive science, and digital media arts. His research explores the relationship between imaginative cognition and computation – particularly on developing new forms of computational narrative, gaming, social media, and other creative new forms of computing.

His recent works in this area include the book Phantasmal Media: An Approach to Imagination, Computation, and Expression (MIT Press, 2013); the article “Authoring Conversational Narratives in Games with the Chimeria Platform,” Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Foundations of Digital Games (2014); and the book chapter “Subjective Computing and Improvisation,” Oxford Handbook of Improvisation Studies, Oxford University Press (forthcoming).

He is an associate professor of digital media in the Comparative Media Studies Program and the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory at MIT. He founded and directs the MIT Imagination, Computation, and Expression Laboratory (ICE Lab). Harrell holds a PhD in computer science and cognitive science from the University of California, San Diego. In 2010 he was awarded a National Science Foundation (NSF) CAREER Award for his project “Computing for Advanced Identity Representation.”

Learn more on Fox Harrell's ICE Lab page.




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Psychology / Education
University of Virginia

While at CASBS, Chris Hulleman will be working with the Mindset Collaborative to develop and test psychological interventions in education that boost motivation and learning, particularly for disadvantaged and underperforming students.

Hulleman’s research focuses on developing and testing psychological interventions in education, work, and sport settings that boost motivation, learning, and performance. His methodological interests include developing a framework for assessing intervention fidelity within field experiments.

A research associate professor at the University of Virginia, Hulleman earned his PhD at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and his undergraduate degree at Central College (Iowa). Trained as an experimental social psychologist, he received advanced training in education research methods as a postdoctoral fellow at Vanderbilt University. Hulleman is also a Fellow at the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching and co-director of the Motivation Research Institute at James Madison University.

On a personal note, Hulleman is the proud father of five children and is looking forward to exploring California with his family.

Learn more on Chris Hulleman's faculty page.




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Computer Science and Digital Media
New York University

During her fellowship year at the Center, Katherine Isbister is looking forward to working on one of the Center’s themes, the "Future of Work." Her research group has been using movement-based and tangible prototype systems to explore alternate possibilities for engaging the body and emotions. They have created movement-based systems using mobile devices and public cameras that encourage and reward physical coordination and collaboration. During the fellowship year, she will use these sensor-based systems as a starting point from which to articulate a research agenda for reimagining technology to augment the workplace, which prioritizes moment-to-moment experience, and emotional and social wellbeing.

Isbister is currently Research Director of the Game Innovation Lab at NYU’s School of Engineering. She is an associate professor jointly appointed between computer science in the Engineering School, and the Game Center in the Tisch School of the Arts. She is a graduate of Stanford University (received her MA and PhD from the Communication Department).

She has written two books focused on computer game design and research: Better Game Characters by Design: A Psychological Approach, and Game Usability: Advice from the Experts for Advancing the Player Experience.

Learn more on Katherine Isbister's page.




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Philosophy
University of Arizona

Jenann Ismael, whose field of specialization is philosophy of physics, will be devoting her time at the Center to working on a book about free will. As Ismael explains, “Most philosophical books on the topic start by saying ‘physics tells us that all of our actions are determined by fundamental laws (or fundamental laws + chance).’ Built around these simple remarks is a highly articulated landscape of philosophical responses to the challenge physics is supposed to present to the view of ourselves as free agents. My book is intended to fill a lacuna in this landscape by giving a much more nuanced account of what physics really says.”

Ismael works on issues involving the structure of space and time, the foundations of quantum mechanics, and nature of physical law. She also works on questions at the nexus between physics and our experience of the world. 

She received her PhD from Princeton in 1997 and is an associate professor of philosophy at the University of Arizona, where she has been since 1996. She was at the Centre for Time from 2005-2010 at the University of Sydney as an ARC Queen Elizabeth II Research Fellow.

Learn more on Jenann Ismael's personal website.




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Law and Social Psychology
University of San Francisco

During his fellowship at the Center, Richard Leo will be starting an academic book on the problem of erroneous conviction of the innocent in the America, as well as completing a popular history on the rise of the innocence movement in the American criminal justice system.  He also hopes to complete an article on “persuaded” false confessions, i.e., confessions to police induced through often lengthy and highly manipulative psychological interrogation, in which the suspect temporarily comes to believe he committed a crime of which he has no memory.

Leo is currently the Hamill Family Professor of Law and Social Psychology at the University of San Francisco, and a Fellow in the Institute for Legal Research at the University of California, Berkeley School of Law.  He has written numerous empirical articles and books on the practice and psychology of police interrogation, false confessions, and the wrongful conviction of the innocent. He has won individual and career achievement awards for his scholarship from the Law and Society Association, the American Society of Criminology, the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, the Western Society of Criminology, the American Psychological Association, the American Psychology-Law Society, the American Academy of Forensic Psychology, the Society for Study of Social Problems, the American Sociological Association, and the Pacific Sociological Association.  He has also received Guggenheim and Soros fellowships.

Learn more on Richard Leo's faculty web page.




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Anthropology
University of California, Berkeley

During his tenure at the Center, Kent Lightfoot will work on a new theoretical perspective for understanding complex hunter-gatherers in California that synthesizes a wealth of recent information about their sophisticated management practices designed to enhance the biodiversity and sustainability of biotic communities. He will explore how these strategies of diversification may have differed fundamentally from other indigenous populations involved primarily in agrarian production and how they may provide new insights for policies and practices currently employed in the management of open spaces and wild lands in California. 

Lightfoot is a professor of anthropology and the Class of 1960 Chair in Undergraduate Education at the University of California, Berkeley. Trained in the field of North American archaeology, he specializes in the study of pre-colonial people and their subsequent encounters with diverse European colonial regimes. He received his BA in anthropology from Stanford University, and his PhD in anthropology from Arizona State University.      

Lightfoot’s recent books include Indians, Missionaries, and Merchants: The Legacy of Colonial Encounters on the California Frontiers (UC Press), which received the James Deetz Book Award from the Society for Historical Archaeology, and California Indians and their Environments: An Introduction (with Otis Parrish) (UC Press), which received the Martin A. Baumhoff Special Achievement Award from the Society for California Archaeology. He is the recent recipient of the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Fellowship (2014-2015).




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History
University of Washington

During her fellowship year, Margaret O’Mara will be working on a book titled Silicon Age: High Technology and the Reinvention of the United States, 1970-2000. The book is a history of the late-twentieth century United States told through the lens of the high-tech revolution. Silicon Age frames high-tech’s ascent as a story of politics and culture (not simply of technology and technologists), and in doing so, will address and reconsider important social shifts in the nature of work, the landscape of cities, and in national politics.

O’Mara is associate professor of history at the University of Washington and is a recipient of a Frederick Burkhardt Residential Fellowship from the American Council of Learned Societies. She previously held teaching and research positions at Stanford University and at the University of Pennsylvania.  She holds a MA/PhD in History from The University of Pennsylvania, and a BA from Northwestern University. Prior to her academic career, she worked in the Clinton White House and served as a contributing researcher at the Brookings Institution.

She is the author of Cities of Knowledge: Cold War Politics and the Search for the Next Silicon Valley (Princeton, 2005) and Pivotal Tuesdays: Four Presidential Elections that Made History (Penn, forthcoming 2015), as well as various scholarly articles, essays, and book chapters.

Learn more on Margaret O'Mara's webpage.




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Sociology
Northwestern University

During her fellowship year at the Center, Ann Shola Orloff will complete a manuscript, Toward a Gender-Open Future? Transformations in Gender, Global Capitalism and Systems of Social Provision and Regulation, in which she analyzes shifts in the gendered character of welfare and employment policies in the United States, Sweden and other capitalist democracies and their implications for gender equality and for feminism.

Other recent work on topics related to gender, politics and policy include “Feminists in Power: Rethinking Gender Equality After the Second Wave” (with Talia Schiff), in Emerging Trends In The Social and Behavioral Sciences, edited by Robert Kosslyn and Robert Scott (John Wiley, forthcoming); and “The Power of Gender Perspectives: Feminist Influence on Policy Paradigms, Social Science, and Social Politics” (with Bruno Palier), in Social Politics (2009).

Orloff is professor of sociology and political science and Board of Lady Managers of the Colombian Exposition Chair at Northwestern University, where she has worked since 1998; she has also been a visiting professor at the European University Institute in Florence several times.  

She holds a PhD from Princeton University and an BA from Harvard University. She is past President of the Social Science History Association and of Research Committee 19 on Poverty, Social Welfare and Social Policy of the International Sociological Association; she is a co-founder of the journal Social Politics, which she edited for 20 years.

Learn more on Ann Shola Orloff's faculty web page.




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Anthropology and African Studies
Boston University

During his fellowship at the Center, Parker Shipton plans to continue a writing project on ritual and interpersonal sequencing, seniority and precedence, and their upset and restoration. He is concentrating on un-centralized societies in Africa, with comparisons in Native North America and elsewhere. He will also be working on a related project on the history of ideas, stereotypes, and prejudices concerning “savagery,” its variants, and its ironies.      

Shipton is professor of anthropology and research fellow in african studies at Boston University. Previously he taught at Harvard. With degrees from Cornell, Oxford, and Cambridge Universities, he has carried out field research in Kenya, Gambia, highland Colombia, northern Italy, the American Northwest Coast, and other settings. A former president of the Association for Africanist Anthropology, he has held visiting research fellowships at several universities, most recently at All Souls College, Oxford University, and he has served as consulting researcher for the World Bank and other international aid agencies.

His publications on African societies and cultures include Bitter Money: Cultural Economy and Some African Meanings of Forbidden Commodities; and a trilogy (Yale U.P.) including The Nature of Entrustment (2007), Mortgaging the Ancestors (2009), and Credit Between Cultures (2010). He edits the Blackwell Anthologies in Social and Cultural Anthropology. His awards include the Curl Prize (Royal Anthropological Institute) and the Herskovits Award (African Studies Association).

Learn more on Parker Shipton's faculty web page.




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Sociology
Princeton University

Paul Starr plans to finish a book about the entrenchment of power, institutions, and social structure and to begin a project on why contemporary societies have in some ways realized and in other ways departed from the mid-20th-century theoretical expectations about the structure of an “information” or “post-industrial” society.

Among his previous books are The Social Transformation of American Medicine (1983), winner of the Pulitzer Prize for General Nonfiction and the Bancroft Prize in American History; The Creation of the Media: Political Origins of Modern Communications (2004), winner of the Goldsmith Prize; Freedom’s Power: The History and Promise of Liberalism (2007), and Remedy and Reaction: The Peculiar American Struggle over Health Care Reform (2011).

At Princeton he is professor of sociology and public affairs; he is also co-founder and co-editor of The American Prospect, a liberal political journal. He writes and teaches on a wide range of questions in politics, public policy, and social theory. Within sociology, his interests include institutional analysis, political sociology, and the sociology of knowledge, technology, and information, especially as they bear on democracy, equality, and freedom.

Learn more on Paul Starr's Princeton website.




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Economics
Politecnico di Milano

During his fellowship year at the Center, Massimo Tavoni is planning to work on assessing the potential of behavioral interventions to reduce energy waste, CO2 emissions, and natural resources in general. He also plans on understanding better the role of social networks on patterns of energy consumption and adoption of new, efficient, low carbon technologies.

Tavoni’s research focuses on energy and climate change economics, specifically the modeling and evaluation of international climate mitigation policies. He is also interested in the interplay between energy, climate and environmental policies. He has published extensively in the peer reviewed literature, including work that was featured in Time Magazine's list of “The 50 Best Inventions of 2009.” He is also a lead author for the 5th assessment report of the IPCC.

Tavoni is currently associate professor at the Department of Management, Politecnico di Milano, as well as director and deputy coordinator of the Climate Change Economics units at Euro-Mediterranean Center for Climate Change (CMCC) and Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM) respectively. He is the co-director of the annual International Energy Workshop and deputy editor for the journal Climatic Change.

He holds a Laureate cum Laude in Engineering from the University of Bologna, an MSc in Mathematical Economics from the London School of Economics, and a PhD in Political Economics from the Catholic University of Milan. From 2008 to 2010 he was a post-doctoral research associate at Princeton University, and before then a researcher at FEEM and CMCC.

Learn more on Massimo Tavoni's personal website.




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Communication
Stanford University

During his time at the Center, Fred Turner will focus on exploring Silicon Valley as an engine of cultural as well as technological change.

Turner has long studied media, media technology, and American cultural history. His most recent book, The Democratic Surround: Multimedia and American Liberalism from World War II to the Psychedelic Sixties (Chicago, 2014) traces the history of American multimedia environments from the late 1930s to the late 1960s. Turner is also the author of the widely acclaimed From Counterculture to Cyberculture: Stewart Brand, the Whole Earth Network, and the Rise of Digital Utopianism (Chicago, 2006) and Echoes of Combat: The Vietnam War in American Memory (Anchor/Doubleday, 1996).

Turner is an associate professor of communication and by courtesy, of art and art history at Stanford University. Before coming to Stanford, Fred taught communication at the Kennedy School of Government and MIT’s Sloan School of Management. He also worked for ten years as a journalist. He has written for newspapers and magazines ranging from the Boston Globe Sunday Magazine to Nature

Learn more about his work on Fred Turner's faculty page.




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Anthropology
University of Texas at Austin

During the period of her fellowship at the Center, Kamala Visweswaran will be engaged in analysis of the factors implicated in the militarization of society and in developing new methodologies for understanding the expansion of mass violence beyond temporal and geographical points of origin. While at the Center, Visweswaran will also be at work completing a manuscript on the relationship between genocide and ethnic conflict.

As a cultural anthropologist, Visweswaran has also done interdisciplinary work on nationalism and ethnic conflict in history, literature, law, and political science. Her most recent book is Everyday Occupations: Experiencing Militarism in South Asia and the Middle East (Penn, 2013).

Visweswaran is associate professor of anthropology and South Asian studies at the University of Texas at Austin. She is the recipient of grants from the American Institute of Indian Studies, and has been a Fulbright Scholar as well as a Fellow at the Chicago Humanities Institute, the Radcliffe Institute of Advanced Study, and the Princeton Institute for International and Regional Studies. She holds a PhD in anthropology from Stanford University, and a BA from the University of California, Berkeley. She is currently an editor of the journal Feminist Studies.

Learn more on Kamala Visweswaran's faculty web page.




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Psychology / Education
Tufts University

During her fellowship year at the Center, Maryanne Wolf will be completing a book on the future of the reading brain in a digital age for Oxford University Press and beginning Letters to the Good Reader for the general public. Concurrently she will be working with colleagues on the Global Literacy Project on the development of reading apps in deployments in Ethiopia, Uganda, South Africa, and India.

Wolf studies how the human brain learns to read and what happens when it doesn’t. Based on work in the cognitive neurosciences, linguistics, child development, and education, she conducts research on dyslexia and its intervention; the design of digital learning experiences that help children without schools learn to read in remote regions of the world (see globallit.org); and the changes that are occurring in the reading brain in a digital culture.

She is the John DiBiaggio Professor of Citizenship and Public Service, and the Director of the Center for Reading and Language Research at Tufts University in the Eliot-Pearson Department of Child Study and Human Development. The author of Proust and the Squid: The Story and Science of the Reading Brain, Wolf is a Fulbright Fellow and the recipient of multiple awards for her work on reading and dyslexia.

Learn more on Maryanne Wolf's faculty webpage.




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Psychology
University of Texas at Austin

Approaches for solving social problems that are effective with younger children are often much less effective among adolescents. While at CASBS, David Yeager hopes to understand this by developing an interdisciplinary, developmental theory of behavior change.

Yeager is an experimental developmental psychologist. His work often tests the effects of psychological interventions on adolescent developmental outcomes such as bullying, depression, academic achievement, self-control, or healthy eating.These studies find that sometimes brief exposures to persuasive messages—what have been called “mindset interventions”—can have long-lasting effects on consequential outcomes. See recent coverage in the New York Times.

In May, 2013, Yeager chaired and co-hosted a national summit on mindset interventions at the White House. This event led to the launch of the “Mindset Collaborative,” an interdisciplinary research network housed at CASBS. One goal is to understand the social contexts and developmental stages in which mindset strategies are most effective, and how mindset intervention interact with other approaches to social change.

Yeager is an assistant professor in the department of psychology at the University of Texas at Austin. He is currently a William T. Grant Foundation scholar and a Fellow at the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. His research has received a number of awards.

Learn more on David Yeager's website.




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